Steps Of Eye Checkup @ SAM Eye Hospital


An eye test is not something to be feared! There are no uncomfortable or painful procedures. For first-timers, here’s a step by step guide to what you can expect .

After OPD registration you will first visit the optometry room where a trained optometrist will ask a detailed history regarding your complaint, any previous treatment and your medical history. Please give an accurate account of any medical problems you may have had even if you think they are not related to your eye complaint. Let us know of any drug allergies!

(NON CONTACT TONOMETER) He/she will do a torch light examination of your eye and then record your eye pressure on a machine that blows(gently!) a puff of air onto your eyes.

(AUTOREFRACTOMETER), Another machine will take a recording of your computerized eye number as you look into its screen

(SUBJECTIVE REFRACTION), The optometrist will then test your eyesight for distance and near and check your spectacle number.

After this initial work-up your file goes to the ophthalmologist who may ask for pupil dilatation.

To dilate your pupils our OPD staff will put eyedrops in your eyes at regular intervals (2-3 times). Pupil dilatation typically takes about 30 minutes in an adult and 45-60 minutes in a child. After dilatation you can expect glare in bright light and blurred near vision for 4-6 hours. Those who have to drive back may opt for dilatation on a separate visit. Children especially those younger than 7-10 years require different and longer acting dilating drops the effect of which may last for upto 2 days (in some cases longer). Parents are requested to inform us about any ongoing test or exams. Please note that barring a few exceptions dilatation is compulsory in children in order to ensure correct eye power measurement.

(ORTHOPTIC WORK-UP), Some patients may require a detailed check up of eye alignment and muscle balance specially those who complain of a squint.
Finally the ophthalmologist takes a look at your eyes using a special chair unit and magnifying system (SLIT LAMP EXAMINATION). He/she will perform a detailed examination of your eyes right from the eyelids to the back of the eye (retina) which is seen using a small lens (FUNDUS EXAMINATION-90D). You may be requested to lie back on the reclining chair unit for a more detailed retina examination in which all parts of your retina even the extreme corners are examined, sometimes using a small pen like instrument to gently press your eyeball (INDIRECT OPHTHALMOSCOPY). As per the history and examination findings certain special tests may be required which include staining your eyes with a non irritant dye, additional testing with lenses (GONIOSCOPY), eye pressure measurement (APPLANATION TONOMETRY) etc.

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